Point-In-Time Homeless Count


Point-in-Time Count

The Point-in-Time (PIT) Homeless Count is an annual street and shelter count to determine the number of people experiencing homelessness in Maricopa County during a given point in time. This count is part of a national effort to identify the extent of homelessness throughout the country. The count includes a brief survey to identify the needs of those experiencing homelessness in the community. MAG coordinates the PIT Count each year for the Maricopa Regional Continuum of Care. MAG serves as the hub of collaboration between the Continuum of Care and local communities. The 2019 PIT Count took place on Tuesday, January 22nd.

Why a Point-In-Time Homeless Count?

The PIT Count is an effort to learn more about the individuals and families experiencing homelessness in Maricopa County. It serves as a one-night snapshot of homelessness in the region. To accomplish community goals and make a difference in the lives of people experiencing homelessness, we need to know who they are, where they are, and understand the factors that led to their homelessness. Every January, volunteers and outreach teams from local communities collaborate to survey and count the number of homeless persons in their respective locations. With the information provided by the PIT Count, the Maricopa Regional Continuum of Care and local communities can determine how best to address homelessness. The data gathered in the count can be used to measure progress and advocate for additional resources.

Point-In-Time Homeless Street Count


PIT Count Timeline

Toggle to view details about each stage in the PIT Count process.

December 2018

December, 2018 Tasks

  • Volunteers can contact coordinators in their city or town to sign up.

January, 2019 Tasks

  • January 7-18: Coordinators throughout the region hold local trainings during this time for volunteers
  • January 21: Centralized volunteer training held in Downtown Phoenix.
  • January 22, 5:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.: Volunteers count the number of individuals and families experiencing homelessness on the streets. Data is collected and analyzed by the Maricopa Regional Continuum of Care to measure homelessness in the region.
Summer 2019

Summer, 2019 Tasks

  • MAG submits PIT data to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Later on in the year, HUD compiles local data and provides it to Congress to understand the nature and extent of homelessness across the country.
  • MAG develops a local report for the region and publishes Point-in-Time Homeless Count Analysis.

2018 Homeless Count Overview

Total PIT Counts 2014-2018

The 2018 Point-In-Time Count identified 6,298 people experiencing homelessness in the region on the night of January 22, 2018. Of this population, 2,618 were unsheltered and 3,680 were in shelter. This is a 12 percent increase from the region’s 2017 number of 5,605.

While the overall numbers went up, the count also showed that the number of homeless individuals, youth, and families who were not in shelter continues to increase. This year, the number of people living in unsheltered situations was 2,618. This is a 27 percent increase from the 2017 number of 2,059, and a 149 percent increase from the unsheltered number recorded in 2014. Regionally, the number of people living on the streets has more than doubled since 2014.

Total Unsheltered Persons, 2014-2018

Total Unsheltered People, Maricopa Region, 2014-2018

2019 Unsheltered Count Map

Unsheltered Homeless Map Maricopa County 2017
Click to enlarge

The homeless street count is critical in our collective work toward ending homelessness in the region. The results from the count will help us to better understand the widespread nature of homelessness, identify trends, and help target critical funding and services to those most in need.

Former Phoenix Mayor Greg Stanton

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Human Services Planner III
Anne Scott

Human Services Planner II
Julie Montoya

Human Services Planner II
Shantae Smith

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About MAG

The Maricopa Association of Governments (MAG) is a Council of Governments (COG) that serves as the regional planning agency for the metropolitan Phoenix area.

Title VI

Title VI requires that no person in the United States of America shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activity for which MAG receives federal financial assistance.

Get in Touch

  • Address: 302 N. 1st Ave., Suite 300
    Phoenix, Arizona 85003

  • Phone: (602) 254-6300

  • FAX: (602) 254-6490

  • Email: mag@azmag.gov